EIA updates fuel ethanol capacity data

By Erin Voegele | November 03, 2014

The U.S. Energy Information Administration has published updated ethanol plant production capacity data. As of Jan. 1, 2014, the EIA reports the U.S. was home to 187 operating fuel ethanol plants with a combined 13.68 billion gallons of capacity. According to the EIA, capacity is down slightly from 2013.

The EIA’s data is broken down by PADD (Petroleum Administration for Defense District). PADD 2, which encompasses the Midwest, has the most ethanol production capacity, with 167 pants and more than 12.5 billion gallons of annual capacity. PADD 1, which includes the East Coast, features three plants with a combined 260 million gallons of capacity. PADD 3, which includes the Gulf Coast, has five ethanol plants with a combined 442 million gallons of capacity. PADD 4, which includes the Rocky Mountain region, is home to five ethanol plants with 190 million gallons of capacity. Finally, PADD 5, which includes the West Coast, features seven plants with a combined 285 million gallons of capacity. 

The EIA’s data for 2013 showed 187 ethanol plants, including 167 in PADD 2, three in PADD 1, five in PADD 3, five in PADD 4 and seven in PADD 5. From Jan. 1, 2103 through Jan. 1, 2014, the number of ethanol plants in PADD 1 decreased from four to three. Capacity also decreased from 360 million gallons in 2013 to 260 million gallons in 2014. The volume of plants and capacity in PADD 2 also decreased, from 172 plants and nearly 12.6 billion gallons of capacity in 2013 to 167 plants and 12.5 billion gallons of capacity as of Jan. 1 of this year. The number of plants in PADD 3 held steady at five, but capacity increased from 419 million gallons in 2013 to 442 million gallons in 2014. The number of plants in PADD4 also held steady at five, with capacity steady at 190 million gallons. Similarly, plant number and capacity volume held steady in PADD 5 from 2013 to 2014, with seven plants and a combined capacity of 285 million gallons. 

The EIA published its updated data for 2014 on Oct. 23. The release is the fourth time the EIA has published data on U.S. fuel ethanol production capacity. According to the EIA, it first published the data in 2011. At that time, the U.S. was home to 193 plants with a combined 13.61 billion gallons of capacity.

Additional information is available on the EIA website