January corn crush up 7 points; total for 2016 up just 1

By Susanne Retka Schill | March 21, 2017

The survey-based Grain Crushings and Co-Products from the National Agricultural Statistics Survey shows continued growth in corn use for alcohol, both in the monthly report showing the most recently available data and the annual summary made available in March. The reports track dry and wet mill numbers, as well as beverage and industrial alcohol production, in addition to fuel ethanol.

The January crush report showed 530 million bushels of corn was consumed for alcohol and other uses, up 7 percent from the same month a year ago. Of that, 476 million bushels was used for fuel ethanol, up slightly from December and up 7 percent from January 2016. Another 7.6 million bushels of corn was used for industrial alcohol and 2.4 million bushels for beverage alcohol. The remaining 8.2 percent of total corn crush was consumed for wet mill products other than fuel. Dry mills consumed 89.6 of the total corn used, while wet mills consumed 10.4 percent. Another 3.88 million hundredweight of sorghum was consumed for fuel ethanol in January.

DDGS and DWG production were both higher in January 2017 compared to January 2016, 9 and 6 percent, respectively. DDGS production for January totaled 2.1 million tons, along with 431,000 distillers dried grains. Production of distillers wet grains (65 percent or more moisture) totaled 1.4 million tons, while modified wet grains production totaled 445,700 tons. Dry mill syrup production totaled 133,000 tons while corn distillers oil totaled 146,000 tons.

For wet mills, corn gluten feed production in January totaled 347,00 tons, followed by high moisture corn gluten feed at 315,000 ton. Gluten meal total 90,000 ton and germ meal 66,000 tons.  Captured carbon dioxide for the month from both dry and wet mills totaled 191,000 tons.

Annual Summary

NASS also published its annual summary in March, showing 5.39 billion bushels of corn was consumed for alcohol in 2016, up 1 percent from the year before. Of that, corn used for fuel alcohol was 5.29 billion, up 1 percent from the prior year, split between dry mills using 4.735 billion and wet mills using 554 million bushels. An additional 73 million hundredweight of sorghum was consumed by dry mills for fuel ethanol production, up substantially from 2015’s total sorghum use of 20 million hundredweight.

Dry mill coproduct production of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) was 23.2 million tons during 2016, up 4 percent from 2015. Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65 percent or more moisture was 15.3 million tons in 2016, down 5 percent from 2015.  Distillers dried grain (DDG) was 4.86 million tons in 2016, down 5 percent from 2015. Wet mill corn gluten feed production was 3.95 million tons during 2016, up 1 percent from 2015. Wet corn gluten feed 40 to 60 percent moisture was 3.67 million tons, down 1 percent from 2015.

Dry mill syrup and corn distillers oil production figures were very close in 2016 at 1.63 million tons of syrup and 1.6 million tons of CDO. Wet mill corn oil production totaled 611,000 tons in 2016. Dry and wet mill carbon dioxide captured was 2.53 million tons in 2016, up 1 percent from 2015.

The Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production report from the National Agricultural Statistics Service is part of the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports program. Surveys are sent to all known mills that produce ethanol. NASS reports about 130 responses are received each month, which represents about 90 percent of total capacity. Estimates for nonreporting firms are added to reported data to obtain national totals.   To view the annual summaries, click here. To view the monthly reports, click here.