Global corn use up, USDA projects US ending stocks lower

By Susanne Retka Schill | February 10, 2014

With no changes to production estimates, the USDA’s monthly World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates report lowered feed grain ending stocks for the marketing year in progress based on a 150-million-bushel increase projected for corn exports.

Global trade data and strong export sales support this month’s outlook for increased world corn imports. Reduced foreign export prospects also lower competition for U.S. corn in the world market. U.S. corn ending stocks are projected 150 million bushels lower with the export increase. The season-average farm price for corn is raised 10 cents on both ends of the projected range to $4.20 to $4.80 per bushel.

Global coarse grain supplies for 2013/14 are projected 2.1 million tons higher with higher foreign beginning stocks and production. Corn beginning stocks are raised for Argentina and South Africa with exports lowered for 2012/13. Coarse grain production for 2013/14 is up 0.8 million tons as small increases in sorghum, barley, oats and millet production more than offset a reduction for corn. Corn production is lowered 1.0 million tons for Argentina as additional dryness in January reduces expected plantings and trims yield prospects. Production is lowered 0.3 million tons for Russia corn based on final official estimates. Partly offsetting these reductions is a 0.9-million-ton increase for Ukraine corn output, which is also based on the latest official data. Area harvested and production for both Russia and Ukraine are records for 2013/14.


Global 2013/14 coarse grain consumption is raised 5.0 million tons with higher corn feeding for the European Union, Canada, South Korea, and Egypt and higher barley feeding for Canada, Kazakhstan, Libya, Kuwait, and Syria. Corn feeding is also increased for Mexico, but offsets a reduction in sorghum feeding. Sorghum feeding is raised for China with higher imports.

Global corn imports for 2013/14 are raised 3.2 million tons with increases for the European Union, Egypt, South Korea, Mexico, and Vietnam. Corn exports are raised 0.5 million tons each for Russia and Ukraine, but lowered 1.0 million tons for Argentina and 0.5 million tons each for the European Union and India.

With stronger foreign corn use, increased U.S. exports fill the gap between higher foreign corn imports and lower foreign corn exports. Global corn ending stocks are projected 2.9 million tons lower. At the projected 157.3 million tons, world ending stocks remain at a 13-year high.